Infertility is the inability of a couple to conceive after a year of regular and unprotected intercourse.

We have the primary and secondary fertility.

Primary: Person has never achieved conception before.

Secondary: Person fails to achieve conception after previous success.

40% – 50% of male infertily is Idiopathic.

30% – 40% are due to disorders of spermatogenesis (Production of sperm).

Whiles, 10% – 20% are due to disorders of sperm transport.

Conditions Of Spermatogenesis

  • Infections
  • Tumors of the testis
  • Varicocele ( Diluted veins in the testis)
  • Drugs
  • Hypothalamus and pituitary tumors
  • Radiation
  • Undescended testis
  • Cryptorchidism

Conditions Of Sperm Transport

  • Immortal cilia syndrome
  • Vasectomy
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Retrogate ejaculation
  • Semen motility and morphological defect.
  • Epispadia and Hypospadia
  • Congenital absence of the vas difference


  • Sexual counseling
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Healthy Diet
  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid stress

NB: Any underline condition whether spermatogenesis or sperm transport found through investigation will be treatment by your physician.

It could he surgical procedure or medical. If none works adoption, donor sperm,Surrogacy is an alternative.

By Ian Dei

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