Causes and symptoms of depression

Depression is a mood disorder,it occurs in all age group although the symptoms may differ in children. It occurs most often in women.

Causes

  • Genetics
  • Family history
  • Drugs/Alcohol
  • Serious illnesd
  • Loss of someone
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Environmental

Signs and Symptoms

  • Loss of interest
  • Significant weightloss
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive guilt
  • Indeciviness
  • Poor concentration
  • Multiple body complain
  • Sucidal ideas
  • Hallucination
  • Depressed mood
  • Anorexia
  • Aggitation

Treament
Your first course of action should be a visit to your doctor or mental health professional. Your doctor will ask you a series of questions and perform tests to rule out any underlying medical condition causing your depression or determine if certain medications might be the cause for your depressed mental state. If your doctor suspects you may be suffering from depression, he or she will refer you to a mental health specialist who can formally diagnose your condition and make recommendations for treatment.

Clinical depression is a serious but treatable illness. Depending on the severity of symptoms, your doctor or a psychiatrist may recommend treatment with an antidepressant medication. He or she may also suggest psychotherapy, or talk therapy, in which you address your emotional state.

Sometimes, other medications are added to the antidepressant to boost its effectiveness. Certain medicines work better for some people. It may be necessary for your doctor to try different drugs at different doses to determine which medicine works best for you.

There are other treatment options for clinical depression — such as electroconvulsive therapy, also called ECT or shock therapy — that can be used if drugs prove ineffective or symptoms are severe.

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